Wildebeest, cattle and Maasai herders together, sharing the grassland
Wildebeest and the Great Migration
Wildebeest and zebras and some other ungulates migrate to better pastures in order to survive. They graze in areas in the south and then move on to the north, and end up in Masai Mara, where they give birth. Some time later, they return. Maasai don't migrate with their cattle to Masai Mara because there is a disease that cattle can get from the placentas of wildebeest who have given birth.
The new Polotet Game Reserve (Red line in above map) displaced a village of Maasai people, led to a day of violence where people were shot at and killed, and children and an old man were lost.
The wildebeest population was 1.2 million in 1975 and 1.5 million as of 2020.
The War Against the Maasai of Loliondo and NCAA Continues
It is not a nightmare that you can wake up from. The horror is real. The threat, lobbied for by OBC, that organize hunting for Sheikh Mohammed of Dubai, of taking 1,500 km2 of grazing land from the Maasai of Loliondo - squeezing them into land with towns, agricultural areas, forest reserves, and a nasty American land grab – was last year implemented with brutality and lawlessness by the Tanzanian government. The ugly boundary beacons still stand there and the Maasai can only access their own land as thieves, risking terrible extortion by rangers, which is a risk that must be taken, since cows need grass.