Carbon, Carbon Credits, Manifest Destiny,
& Green Colonialism
The Pope has repudiated the Doctrine of Discovery , a legal concept, backed by 15th-century papal bulls, that justified Europeans' claiming of Indigenous lands. Court cases in the U.S. and Canada have relied on the doctrine.
Green colonialism is another threat to Maasai culture. This refers to the exploitation of indigenous communities by outside interests, who use their lands and resources for commercial gain. This often leads to biodiversity degradation and loss of control over land and resources for the local communities who are not consulted or adequately compensated for their exploitation. In the case of the Maasai, green colonialism takes the form of tourism and resource extraction, both of which disturb their traditional way of life and threaten their long term sustainabiliy.
Ecuador Court upholds "Rights of Nature", blocks Intag Copper Mine
Community members in Ecuador’s Intag Valley have won a court case to stop the Llurimagua copper mining project, with the court ordering the revocation of mining licenses from Chile’s Codelco and Ecuador’s ENAMI EP.
The Llurimagua mining concession is in the Tropical Andes, the world’s most biodiverse hotspot, home to dozens of threatened and endemic species, including two near-extinct frog species.
A provincial court recognized that the mining companies violated the communities’ constitutional right to consultation and the rights of nature guaranteed by Ecuador’s Constitution since 2008.